Dynamic Voronoi Treemaps

The Warping Process

The Warping Process

Treemaps are a widely used technique for the visualization of hierarchical data. In general, these techniques perform a space-filling recursive subdivision of a 2D space where the sizes of the created regions correspond to values of a particular data attribute. Several subdivision algorithms have been proposed to optimize specific criteria, such as region aspect ratio or stability. However, these goals are often contradictory. For example, existing layout algorithms that optimize for aspect ratio—important for legibility—are typically not stable. For this reason, Treemaps are rarely used in animated displays of time-variant data. When they are applied to dynamic data sets, unstable Treemap layout algorithms produce poorly animated transitions that include discontinuous jumps in region position when values change. This project introduces a new technique called Dynamic Voronoi Treemaps. Our layout algorithm is specifically designed to support smooth, real-time animation of time varying hierarchical data while maintaining desirable aspect ratios, and it overcomes many key limitations of prior Voronoi-based Treemap. An evaluation of the technique has been conducted to highlight benefits of our approach in a real-world application of Dynamic Voronoi Treemaps.


David Gotz. Dynamic Voronoi Treemaps: A Visualization Technique for Time-Varying Hierarchical Data. IBM Research Technical Report RC25132 (2011).
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Sch of Inform and Libr Science